FOGO cartoon banner

Three-bin FOGO system

Let's go FOGO!

Hear from Tanya Richardson, City of Swan Mayor, as she introduces our new FOGO system.

The City is excited to introduce a three-bin kerbside collection system from 2024. Properties will soon have three bins – recycling, general waste and FOGO.

FOGO stands for Food Organics and Garden Organics. The FOGO bin will collect organic food and garden materials which are recovered and processed into FOGO products, such as compost or soil conditioner.

The City is introducing the three-bin kerbside collection system to align with the Waste Authority’s Better Practice FOGO Kerbside Collection Guidelines.

Welcome to FOGO

What will it look like?

  1. You will keep your yellow-lid recycling bin. It will be collected on your fortnightly recycling bin day
  2. Your current dark green general waste lid will be replaced with a lime green FOGO lid. Your FOGO will be collected every week
  3. You will receive a new kitchen caddy
  4. You will receive a new 140L red-lid general waste bin. It will be collected every fortnight on the alternate week to your recycling bin day.  

The new three bin system

Why is the City introducing FOGO?

The City is committed to promoting sustainable consumption and reducing waste production. Introducing FOGO helps us achieve this. 

Currently, each residential property in the City puts one tonne of waste in its general waste bin each year, and over half of our residents’ general waste bins are filled with organic material.

By separating this waste and putting it in the lime green-lid FOGO bin, we will recover organic waste and turn it into useful products that can be reused in our community. 

The City will be joining a growing number of local governments that have introduced the three-bin kerbside collection system. 

When will FOGO arrive in my area?

The City will make the transition to the three-bin kerbside collection system using a staged rollout that will start in 2024 and finish in 2027. Your stage is determined by your recycling bin day.

Use the City's waste and recycling calendar to find your recycling area. You'll need to know the last time you put your recycling bin out to determine your area. 

StageBin dayRecycling AreaDate of rollout stage
1Monday1Winter 2024
2Monday2Spring 2024
3Wednesday (not Malaga)1Summer 2025
4Tuesday2Autumn 2025
5Tuesday1Winter 2025
6Wednesday2Spring 2025
7Thursday2Summer 2026
8Thursday1Autumn 2026
9Friday2Winter 2026
10Friday1Spring 2026
11Wednesday (Malaga)1Summer 2027

Frequently asked questions

As the City needs to operate an additional collection service for the lime green-lid FOGO bin, there will be a modest increase to your annual waste charge. This will be partly offset by the reduced costs of processing FOGO in comparison to the disposal costs of general waste.

The cost of operating these waste services is bundled with the cost of operating our kerbside collections - all included in the City’s standard waste charge. 

In the long term, the cost of removing general waste is expected to increase. This makes FOGO an economical waste processing option.

The City provides a range of waste services to our residents, including:

  • Recycling centres in Bullsbrook and Malaga
  • Public street and park bins
  • Pre-booked bulk verge collections for urban properties
  • Bulk waste passes for rural properties, and much more. 

Yes, they will. 

You will keep your yellow-lid recycling bin. You will receive a 140L red-lid general waste bin and your 240L green-lid bin will be replaced with a new lime green FOGO lid. 

In the new three-bin kerbside collection system, you’ll have 70L of extra waste capacity for materials each week.

If you find that you still have problems with space, you have the following options:

  • Upsize your 140L red-lid general waste bin to 240L for an additional annual fee. The exact charges for this are yet to be adopted by Council for the 2024/25 financial year. This option will only become available after your area transitions to the three-bin system, so you have a chance to try the 140L general waste bin. A medical exemption from this fee is available for residents whose general waste is impacted by a medical condition. You’ll need to complete an exemption form with your medical practitioner to be eligible for the medical exemption
  • Upsize your 240L yellow-lid recycling bin to 360L at no cost
  • Downsize your 360L yellow-lid recycling bin to 240L. This is free during your stage of the rollout, after which an establishment fee applies
  • Downsize your 240L lime green-lid FOGO bin to 140L. This is free during the entire rollout after which an establishment fee applies. Upsizing your lime green-lid FOGO bin is not currently an option. 

The City is the largest metropolitan local government by land size in Western Australia. We provide waste services to over 65,000 properties. 

By rolling out the three-bin kerbside collection system over multiple stages, we can provide high-quality customer service to our residents and respond quickly to your concerns. 

You will only receive the FOGO service once your stage’s rollout starts. 

Food Organics

  • Raw or cooked fruit and vegetables (including peels)
  • Raw or cooked dairy, meat and seafood scraps (including shells and bones)
  • Bread, cereals, grains, pasta
  • Coffee grinds and tea bags
  • Oils and fats (in small quantities, poured onto a paper towel or cardboard)
  • Out-of-date food (unpackaged)
  • Please remove any stickers or wax.

Garden Organics

  • Lawn clippings
  • Garden pruning (under 5cm in diameter)
  • Leaves and flowers
  • Weeds (including seeding weeds)
  • Straw or hay. 

Caddy liners

  • Certified Australian Standard compostable caddy liners (look for the seedling logo AS 4736).

Other Organics

  • Paper products – tissues, paper towels, shredded paper, food-soiled cardboard (no staples or tape)
  • Animal droppings.

When in doubt, leave it out.

View a full A-Z list of what goes into which bin.

Prepare for FOGO: Practice your source separation skills and try your hand at the Recycle Right sorting game(open in new window).

Some plant or natural materials can be mistaken for going in the FOGO bin. These items won’t compost during FOGO processing and should be placed in the red-lid general waste bin, donated, or taken to one of the City’s recycling centres.  

Do not put the following in your lime green-lid FOGO bin:

  • “Biodegradable” products like nappies, toothbrushes, feminine hygiene items
  • Fruit stickers and wax
  • Greaseproof baking paper, aluminium foil, “biodegradable” cling film
  • Ash and barbecue charcoal
  • Cane baskets, ropes, door mats, coir products, and coconut shells
  • Rags, clothing, and textiles
  • Terracotta pots and roof tiles
  • Large amounts of fertiliser
  • Cigarette butts
  • Vacuum cleaner contents and dryer lint
  • Cork, cellophane, cotton wool
  • Leather goods, including shoes
  • Building rubble such as bricks and concrete (take these to one of our recycling centres)
  • Logs, timber, and branches over 5cm thick (take these to one of our recycling centres).
  • Kitty litter.

When in doubt, leave it out.

View a full A-Z list of what goes into which bin.

Remember that hazardous or electronic waste should never be placed in any of your kerbside bins. Please take them to a collection point or the City’s recycling centres.

Hazardous e-waste info graphic

Once FOGO rolls out in your area, you will place two bins on your verge each week. 
The lime green-lid FOGO bin will be collected weekly. The yellow-lid recycling bin and red-lid general waste bin will be collected on alternate fortnights.

Find your bin days 
 

Audits have shown the average household produces a lot of recoverable waste. You may find you produce significantly less general waste than you expected.

We encourage everyone to try their best to make the new system work. However, if you’ve tried your best and your bins are still overflowing, here are some options:

  • Take eligible containers to a Container Deposit Scheme refund point, like the one at Recycling Centre – Bullsbrook
  • Collapse cardboard boxes before putting them in your recycling bin
  • If your recycling bin is full, put paper and cardboard products into the FOGO bin as a last resort or find other ways to reuse these items before disposal 
  • Take your items to one of the City's recycling centres for free – you can visit as much as you need. Learn what’s accepted
  • Visit your nearest bulk food distributor to reduce food packaging
  • Drop off unwanted clothing, packing boxes and household items in good condition to your local op shop or offer them on your local Buy Nothing Facebook group
  • Remember that hazardous or electronic waste should never be placed in any of your kerbside bins. Please take them to a collection point or one of the City’s recycling centres 
  • For large items that are broken or in poor condition, book a verge collection with us. For properties not eligible for verge collection, you could use your provided annual bulk waste passes
  • Switch single-use products for reusable alternatives, such as cloth nappies or reusable cutlery. In the long run, this option ends up saving you money, too.

If you’re doing all of this and still have problems with space, you have the following options:

  • Upsize your 140L red-lid general waste bin to 240L for an additional annual fee. The exact charges for this are yet to be adopted by Council for the 2024/25 financial year. This option will only become available after your area transitions to the three-bin system, so you have a chance to try the 140L general waste bin. A medical exemption from this fee is available for residents whose general waste is impacted by a medical condition. You’ll need to complete an exemption form with your medical practitioner to be eligible for the medical exemption
  • Upsize your 240L yellow-lid recycling bin to 360L at no cost
  • Downsize your 360L yellow-lid recycling bin to 240L. This is free during your stage of the rollout, after which an establishment fee applies
  • Downsize your 240L lime green-lid FOGO bin to 140L. This is free during the entire rollout after which an establishment fee applies. Upsizing your lime green-lid FOGO bin is not currently an option.  

FOGO waste is taken to a processing facility. The waste will be checked for contamination and go through a rigorous composting process.

The compost can then be used for farms, parks, gardens and land rehabilitation projects.

Landfill sites are anaerobic environments, meaning they don’t contain oxygen. 
When organic matter starts to break down in landfill, methane gas is produced and the organic material doesn’t decompose fully. 

Methane is a potent greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change.

 FOGO removes all this green waste and food scraps from general waste and composts it. As a result, FOGO produces a valuable product for our community and reduces the harmful environmental impacts of general waste.

Most importantly, it creates a resource loop where:

  1. Food is grown in your veggie garden
  2. Veggie scraps go into your lime green-lid FOGO bin
  3. The FOGO material is composted
  4. You buy the compost and put it on your veggie garden
  5. The compost provides nutrients to your veggies and the resource loop continues. 
     

You will get a kitchen caddy during the FOGO rollout when we replace your current green-lid with a lime green FOGO lid. Empty your caddy into your FOGO bin every few days to avoid odours.

You can collect meat scraps separately and store them in the freezer until bin collection day.
 

You can get more compostable bags from: 

“Biodegradable” or “recycled plastic” bags are not the same as compostable bags. These will break down into microplastics and contaminate the FOGO composting system.

You can also line the caddy with brown paper bags, newspaper, paper towels or paper serviettes. Some people choose to go without a liner and wash their caddies in their dishwasher. 


 

Yes, the kitchen caddy is dishwasher-safe and can go on the lower shelf of your dishwasher. 

You can also hand wash it each time it is emptied or wipe it out with a vinegar solution. 

To minimise odours from your organic waste, the lime green lid FOGO bin is collected weekly.

You can minimise odours in between collections by:

  • Emptying your kitchen caddy regularly
  • Keeping your kitchen caddy clean – it is dishwasher-safe
  • Freezing your meat scraps until bin collection day
  • Using the supplied compostable kitchen caddy liners
  • Layering your lime green lid FOGO bin with dry materials such as leaves or shredded paper 
  • Storing your lime green lid FOGO bin in a cool, shady area where possible
  • Washing your bins a few times a year with detergent and a broom.

Odours in your red-lid general waste bin from items such as nappies, feminine hygiene products and biomedical waste can be reduced by:

  • Emptying nappy contents into the toilet before placing the nappy in your red-lid general waste bin
  • Wrapping items in newspaper or reusing food packaging such as plastic bread bags
  • Using reusable sanitary products and cloth nappies.

You can prevent pests such as birds and flies from becoming a nuisance by:

  • Ensuring that the lid is securely closed. You can weigh it down with a brick
  • Keeping your bin clean with bi-carb soda, detergent, anti-bacterial spray or eucalyptus or tea tree oil to help repel flies.
  • Hosing down your bin regularly in warmer months when odour can be an issue.

Yes, animal droppings and waste from cleaning out your rabbit hutch can be put in your lime green-lid FOGO bin. 

Kitty litter belongs in the general waste bin.

Large pieces of shredded garden waste take a very long time to decompose, so they don’t belong in the FOGO system. 

If you have a pile of larger garden organics, please:

  • Book a bulk verge collection (if eligible) 
  • Use your annual bulk waste passes (if eligible) 
  • Visit one of our Recycling Centres for shredding into non-certified green mulch
     

Used nappies (compostable, biodegradable, or conventional) belong in the red-lid General Waste bin. 

Human waste can’t be processed into compost that meets Australian Standards. 

To minimise any smells from used nappies:

  • Empty nappy contents into the toilet before placing the nappy in your red-lid general waste bin
  • Wrap nappy in newspaper or re-use food packaging such as a plastic bread bag
  • Consider joining the reusables revolution! Reusable cloth nappies are widely available and are a popular alternative to disposables. Visit Clean Cloth Nappies and Australian Nappy Association for more information.
     

Thank you! Making your own compost is rewarding, and we need more people like you. 

The great news is the FOGO system handles organic items that can’t be composted at home. You can now put them in your lime green-lid FOGO bin. 

These include meat scraps and bones, dairy products, eggs, bread, grains such as rice, small amounts oil and fats, condiments, citrus peels, table scraps, weeds with seeds, and larger branches (less than 5cm in diameter).

Unfortunately, a bigger lime green-lid FOGO bin is not available at this time.

Businesses that pay the standard City waste charge for kerbside collection will move to the three-bin kerbside collection system. 

If you have a medical condition that creates a large amount of general waste, you’re eligible for exemption from the transition to the smaller 140L red-lid general waste bin.

You will need to complete a medical exemption form and have it signed by your general practitioner or medical specialist. 

The medical exemption form will be made accessible before the rollout begins.

You can pick up a replacement caddy, or caddy parts, at any of the City’s libraries, leisure centres or the City’s administration building.

Yes, you will be included in the FOGO rollout. 

The City will work with your strata managers to keep you informed.

At its Ordinary Council Meeting on February 14, 2024, City of Swan Council resolved to exclude the suburb of Gidgegannup from the implementation of a FOGO service.

Do you have a question that hasn’t been answered?

Send us a message.

Meet the FOGO team at these events

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