A City worker talks to locals about waste and recycling


There are many ways to live more sustainably by conserving nature and natural energy resources.

Be water wise

Water is a precious resource in Western Australia, so it is essential to reduce consumption and protect water sources.

In addition to the information on this page, the Australian Government’s Your Home website has great information about how you can help reduce water consumption and improve water quality. View the Your Home website(open in new window) for tips. 

Using less water is really important and there are numerous ways you can do this. For example:

  • Use waterwise plants
  • Install aerators and flow restrictors to taps and showers
  • Install water efficient products
  • Use wastewater to irrigate gardens
  • Find and fix leaks quickly
  • Take shorter showers
  • Collect rainwater / install a rainwater tank
  • Choose water efficient appliances – learn how on the WELS website(open in new window).

For more tips, visit the Water Corporation website(open in new window)

By keeping water catchments in good condition we help preserve the health of our waterways.
In the City of Swan, our catchments drain into waterways which eventually drain into the Swan River. The health of water catchments is extremely important, so the City completes regular water quality monitoring at various sites including popular swimming beaches along the Swan River.
You can help protect waterways by:

Read more details and tips in our Waterways and Wetlands brochure(open in new window).

The City of Swan is a Gold Waterwise Council and encourages schools, developments and golf courses to become involved with various waterwise programs.

Waterwise Schools Program(open in new window)
Waterwise Golf Course Program(open in new window) 
Waterwise Council Program(open in new window)
Waterwise Development Program(open in new window)

View the City of Swan Local Developments and Infill Projects – Information Sheet(open in new window) to learn more about Green Star Developments, EnviroDevelopment, One Planet Living and the Living Community Building Challenge.

Regardless of how efficient an appliance is and how much or little water is used, the wastewater generated will need to be disposed of. For most properties this is done via the Water Corporation's sewer system while for properties not connected to the sewer, this will mean disposal onsite.
There are different types of effluent disposal systems available each with their own advantages and disadvantages.
Some, like aerobic treatment units and grey water systems allow wastewater to be used to irrigate gardens. Grey water systems can also be installed on properties connected to sewer. Others such as nutrient removal systems and aerobic treatment units produce better quality effluents with reduced impact on the environment. Composting toilets remove the need for wastewater disposal from toilets altogether.
For more information about onsite disposal options including the application form and approval process, the City’s health services waste water disposal page could assist.

Be energy wise

Everyone can do something about climate change. There are many free, low cost actions you can take in your home and business to increase energy efficiency. These help reduce your carbon emissions and your contribution to climate change. 

The first step in reducing your household energy usage is to understand how much you are using, and where you are using it around the home.

Measuring appliance energy use

Home Energy Audit Toolkits are available for loan from City of Swan libraries.

Calculate your carbon footprint

To find out your household's carbon footprint, use the Carbon Footprint Calculator(open in new window).

A carbon offset is a unit that represents a reduction in carbon dioxide and/or other greenhouse gases to compensate for emissions made elsewhere.

You can purchase carbon offsets if you want to compensate for the greenhouse gas emissions you make in your daily activities.

Carbon offsets are typically achieved by providing financial support to a project that helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions, for example, a tree planting project where the trees act as a carbon sink by absorbing carbon from the atmosphere. Other types of carbon offsets include renewable energy or energy efficiency projects.

Western Australian energy retailer Synergy has several green energy billing options available where renewable energy certificates (RECs) can be purchased from nationally accredited GreenPower(open in new window) renewable energy sources. This allows you to offset some or all of the carbon emissions from your electricity consumption.

Be waste wise

There are plenty of ways to be waste wise. If we all do our bit, we can make a big difference.

Check out the below tips or Great Sort(open in new window) for more ideas.

Below are a few tips on how you can get waste wise:

  • Recycle properly - view our Waste and Recycling Guide
  • Look for items with less packaging or buy in bulk
  • Look for products that come in recycled or recyclable packaging
  • Use reusable coffee cups and water bottles
  • Use reusable bags
  • Create plastic free lunch boxes for school or work
  • Dispose of food scraps and garden waste by composting, keeping chickens or using a worm farm
  • Attend a City of Swan recyclable goods drop off day 
  • Visit the Foodwise website(open in new window) for ways to reduce food waste
  • Visit the Love Food Hate Waste website(open in new window) for better ways to buy, cook and save food.

The City of Swan has waste education games for hire. The games teach kids about bin sorting, recycling, and sustainability, in a fun interactive way. Games include:

  • Bin sorting activity
  • Litter bingo
  • Memory game
  • Sustainable city floor map game
  • Sustainable house floor map game
  • Waste and ladders floor map game

You can book games and activities for up to one week. Collection is at the City of Swan Depot, 72 Bishop Road, Middle Swan. Please contact us to check equipment availability before completing the booking form.

Games and activities

Bin sorting activity

Try your recycling knowledge by sorting a bag full of materials into the correct bin or locations.

Litter bingo game

Use bottle tops to match the called piece of litter. The first one to match all the pieces shout BINGO wins!  

Memory game

We have lots of litter in one of the City of Swan parks; find them all to clean up the park.

To play the game, all pictures need to be turned over, each player has a turn at remembering where the matching picture is located.  When you match a pair, take it off the board, the game is finished when the park is cleared.  The person with the most pairs wins.

Sustainable City floor mat game

Find all the items on the list in the Sustainable City game.  Can you find the other items in the City that are not listed?

Sustainable House floor mat game

Roll the dice and land on actions and questions about sustainable living. Answer correctly and you move forward, get it wrong and be slowed down.  First one to finish wins!

Waste and ladders floor mat game

Take turns to roll large dice and move across the board. Be careful, landing on a rubbish truck you will send you down in to the general waste bin, or land on a ladder and climb up.  First to the recycling facility wins!

Please contact us to check equipment availability before completing the booking form.

Worm farming is a great way to turn your kitchen scraps into useful garden products, such as worm castings and 'worm wiz'.

Here at the City of Swan, we host worm farming workshops for residents and anyone who attends is eligible for a $125 subsidy on the cost of a worm farm! Find out more about these workshops on our events calendar

Visit our waste services page to find out about:

  • Bin services
  • Recycling
  • Verge collections
  • Hazardous waste.

Want to reduce your impact by making your own every day products? Or maybe you'd like to make your own special gifts? Our handy recipe cards give you the tools to create your own sustainable:


Threats to natural flora and fauna include land clearing, erosion and weeds. We encourage you to join us in conserving nature.

One of the biggest threats to our natural environment is land clearing. Other threats include arson, off road vehicles, overgrazing, diseases such as Dieback(open in new window), fire wood collection, chemical run-off and illegal dumping. You can help reduce these threats by:

  • Removing weeds frequently.
  • Addressing erosion by installing vegetation, fencing waterways and installing treatments such as roc pitching or reed beds.
  • Give time between burn offs to allow plants that produce and set seeds.
  • Reporting arson to Crime Stoppers on 1800 333 000.
  • Report illegal dumping and littering

In the City of Swan, there are a number of native animals that can only be found in the south west of Western Australia. To help native animals you can:

  • Grow native plants
  • Put a bird bath in your garden and wash it daily
  • Avoid using pesticides in the house and garden
  • Look out for native animals when driving
  • Do not litter
  • After fishing, take fish hooks, line, sinkers, plastic bags home with you
  • Join a wildlife or conservation group 
  • Manage your cats and dogs
  • Never feed native animals.

The South East Regional Centre for Urban Landcare(open in new window) has produced a series of guides to help you select local native plants for your garden, and to use fertilisers in a more effective and responsible way.

Whether you live in a rural or suburban area you will come in contact with native animals.
If you find a native animal that is in need of care please view our Glove Box Guide for Injured Native Wildlife or contact one of the following:

If you find a snake, remember they are an important part of our environment. Living with snakes in our homes or gardens can be challenging and if you need these to be removed the Wildcare Helpline(open in new window) coordinates a volunteer service.

Determining your vegetation complex and soil type can help you plan revegetation activities suitable for your block or neighbourhood nature reserve.

Check out these planting guides for different soil types:

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